Additional Readings

General and Education Articles

Renault M. 2020. An Ode to Nature’s Hotdogs: Moth Caterpillars.

Tallamy, D.W. 2015. The chickadee’s guide to gardening.

Wolfe, D. 2021. Getting Started with Insect Identification.  Danae Wolfe. The American Gardener Mar/Apr:48-50.

Wonderlin, N.E., A.R. Lorenz-Reaves, and P.J.T. White. 2022. Habitats of Urban Moths: Engaging Elementary School Students in the Scientific Process. The American Biology Teacher 84(5): 284-289.

Reference and Guide Books

Butterflies and Moths, by D. Carter. 2023. DK Smithsonian Handbooks, 304 pages.

The Lives of Moths: A Natural History of Our Planet’s Moth Life, by A. Sourakov and R.W. Chadd. 2022. Princeton University Press, 288 pages.

Moths: A Complete Guide to Biology and Behavior, by D. Lees and A.Zilli. 2019. Smithsonian Books, 208 pages.

Moths of Western North America, by J.A. Powell and P.A. Opler. 2009. University of California Press, 516 pages.

Peterson Field Guide To Moths Of Southeastern North America, by D. Beadle and L. Seabrooke. 2018. Mariner Books, 664 pages. (also available in a Northeastern edition).

Moth and Insect Declines

Fox, R., T.H. Oliver, C. Harrower, M.S. Parsons, C.D. Thomas, and D.B. Roy. 2014. Long-term changes to the frequency of occurrence of British moths are consistent with opposing and synergistic effects of climate and land-use change. Journal of Applied Ecology 51:949–957.

Hallmann, C.A., M. Sorg, E. Jongejans, H. Siepel, N. Hofland, H. Schwan, et al. 2017. More than 75 percent decline over 27 years in total flying insect biomass in protected areas. PLoS ONE 12(10): e0185809.

Wagner, D.L. 2012. Moth decline in the Northeastern United States. News of the Lepidopterists’ Society 54(2):52-56.

Wagner, D.L., R. Fox, D.M. Salcidoc, and L.A. Dyer. 2012. A window to the world of global insect declines: Moth biodiversity trends are complex and heterogeneous. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 18(2):e2002549117.


Fischer, B. and B.M.H. Larson. 2019. Collecting insects to conserve them: a call for ethical caution. Insect Conservation and Diversity 12:173–182.

Lepidopterists’ Society. 2019. The Lepidopterists’ Society Statement on Collecting Lepidoptera.

Lockwood, J.A. 1988. Not to Harm a Fly: Our Ethical Obligations to Insects.Between the Species4(3):204-211.

Trietsch, C. and A.R. Deans. 2018. The Insect Collectors’ Code. American Entomologist 64(3):156–158.